The United Nations is an international organization composed of 193 member states – that’s simply another word for countries – that aims to coordinate cooperation between its constituency. Vatican City – technically known as the Holy See – and Palestine are the only two full-fledged countries to not be members of the United Nations; they’re known as observer states.
One of the goals of the United Nations is to promote human rights throughout the world. Just yesterday, on Friday, August 10, 2018, a panel on human rights belonging to the United Nations came forth to news media outlets and shared that it had strong evidence to believe that the People’s Republic of China is currently withholding more than one million natives of northwestern China – members of the ethnic group are known as Uighurs – in an “internment camp.”
The United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination’s very own Gay McDougall shared with news media outlets that he and the panel she’s a part of estimates a whopping two million Uighurs and other minorities who follow Islam were packed like sardines into “political camps for indoctrination” in Xinjiang, one of five autonomous regions throughout China – autonomous regions are similar to provinces of the country, though they’re given more legislative rights.
Xinjiang is located in the far northwestern corner of the country and is the largest of the five autonomous regions of the People’s Republic of China in terms of land mass.
Rather than providing the autonomous zone of Xinjiang with true autonomy, Xinjiang is said to provide its constituents with absolutely zero human rights. Gay McDougall shared that the area could be coined as a “no rights zone,” something she said over a two-day summit in which the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination discussed nothing but China’s record with human rights and its current treatment of the “autonomous” region of Xinjiang.
According to Chinese government officials in the past, some followers of Islam put forth threats between the minority group of Muslim Uighurs and the majority populous of Xinjiang, the Han Chinese. As such, the government felt it should take most rights away from people in blanket form because trying to target the Islamist extremists who perpetrated such threats and weren’t ever afraid to carry them out wasn’t easy.